Late Permian palynomorphs from the West Bokaro Coalfield, Damodar Basin, Jharkhand, India


  • Srikanta Murthy Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, 53 University Road, Lucknow 226007, India



Late Permian, Palynofossils, Palaeoenvironment, West Bokaro Coalfield


Palynological studies were carried out for samples collected from the Bokaro River section near Danea area from West Bokaro Coalfield, Damodar Basin. The recovered palynomorphs are characterized by the dominance of monosaccate pollen mainly Densipollenites (D. magnicorpus, D. invisus, D. indicus and D. densus) and subdominance of Faunipollenites spp.–Striatopodocarpites spp. complex. The other stratigraphically significant taxa recorded from this section are Guttulapollenites hannonicus, Crescentipollenites fuscus, Arcuatipollenites (A. pellucidus, A. ovatus and A. damudicus), Alisporites asansolensis, Verticipollenites gibbosus, Striatites rhombicus, Platysaccus densicorpus, Chordasporites sp., Parasaccites (P. perfectus and P. densicorpus) and Horriditriletes sp. On the basis of the total palynocomposition, the studied section has been dated as late Permian in age. This age correlation also gets support from comparative studies with similar palynoassemblages known from other coalfields of Indian Gondwana basins such as Damodar, Satpura, Son–Mahanadi, Rajmahal and Wardha–Godavari basins. The dominance of Cordaites and subdominance of conifers of Glossopterids suggests that the deposition of the sedimentary sequences took under freshwater environment.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Aggarwal N, Jha N, Joshi H & Mishra S 2015. Dispersed organic studies in Permian succession Mamakanu Block of Godavari Graben, South India. Journal of Indian Geological Congress 7(2): 5–15.

Anand–Prakash 1972. Sporae dispersae in the coals of Pench–Kanhan and Pathakhera Coalfield (M.P.), India. Palaeobotanist 19: 206–210.

Anand–Prakash, Srivastava SC & Tiwari RS 1979. The nature of groove pavement and palynology of overlying Talchir and Karharbari sediments in West Bokaro Coalfield, Bihar, India. Palaeobotanist 26(1): 63–71.

Banerjee M & Das S 1991. Microcrystal like structure recovered from Lower Gondwana sediments of West Bokaro Coalfield. In: Ghosh SC et al. (Editors)—A Decade Scan. Electron Microscopy, Geological Survey of India, Special Publication 16: 18.

Bharadwaj DC 1962. The miospore genera in the coals of Raniganj Stage (Upper Permian), India. Palaeobotanist 9: 68–106.

Bharadwaj DC & Salujha SK 1964. Sporological study of seam VIII in Raniganj Coalfield, Bihar, (India) Part I–Description of Sporae dispersae. Palaeobotanist 12: 181–215.

Bharadwaj DC & Salujha SK 1965. A sporological study of Seam VII (Jote Dhemo Colliery) in the Raniganj Coalfield, Bihar, (India). Palaeobotanist 13(1): 30–41.

Bharadwaj DC & Srivastava SC 1969. Some new miospores from Barakar Stage Lower Gondwana, India. Palaeobotanist 17: 220–229.

Bharadwaj DC, Tiwari RS & Anand–Prakash 1978. Palynology of the Bijori Formation (Upper Permian) in Satpura Gondwana Basin. Palaeobotanist 25(1): 70–78.

Bharadwaj DC, Tiwari RS & Kar RK 1974. Crescentipollenites gen. nov.: a new name for hitherto known Lunatisporites Leschik from the Lower Gondwanas. Geophytology 4: 141–146.

Blanford WT 1871. A note on plant bearing sandstones of the Godavari on the southern extension of rocks belonging to Kamthi Group to the neighbourhood of Eluru and Rajahmundry on the possible occurrence of coal in the same directions. Records of the Geological Survey of India 4(3): 59–88.

Bose MN & Maheshwari HK 1968. Palaeozoic Sporae dispersae from Congo–VII. Coal measures near lake Tanganyika, south of Albertville. Annales Musee Royal De L’ Afrique Centrale–Tervuren, Belgique Annales–Serie In 8o–Sciences geologiques 60: 1–116.

Cazzulo–Klepzig M, Menegat R & Guerra–Sommer M 2005. Palynology and palaeobotany in the reconstruction of landscape units from the Candiota Coalfield, Permian of Paraná Basin, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia 8: 83–98.

CMPDIL 1993. Coal Atlas of India, first edition, Central Mine Planning and Design Institute Ltd, pp. 88–89.

Crookshank H 1936. The geology of the northern slope of the Satpura between the Morand and Sher rivers. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India 66: 217–218.

Ghosh TK 1962. Study of the Gondwana rocks with notes on the coal and fireclay deposits of Kuju, West Bokaro Coalfield, District Hazaribagh, Bihar. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Mining and Metallurgical Society of India 34(2–3): 57–73.

Goubin N 1965. Description et repartition des principaux pollenites Permiens, Triassiques et Jurassiques des Sondages du Bassin de Morondava (Madagascar). Revue Institut Francais du Petrole 20: 1415–1461. (in French)

Jansonious J 1971. Emended diagnosis of Alisporites Daugherty 1941. Pollen Spore 13: 349–357.

Jasper A, Menegat R, Guerra–Sommer M, Cazzulo–Klepzig M & Souza PA 2006. Depositional cyclicity and paleoecological variability in an outcrop of Rio Bonito Formation, Early Permian, Paraná Basin, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 21: 276–293.

Jha N 2008. Permian Triassic palynofloral transition in the Sattupalli area, Chintalapudi sub–basin, Godavari Graben, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Palaeontological Society of India 53: 159–168.

Jha N, Pauline Sabina K, Aggarwal N & Mahesh S 2014. Late Permian palynology and depositional environment of the Chintalapudi sub–basin of Godavari Basin, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 79: 382–399.

Jha N & Srivastava SC 1996. Kamthi Formation palynofloral diversity. In: Guha PKS, Sengupta S, Ayyasami K & Ghosh RN (Editors)–Gondwana Nine, Calcutta: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. 1: 355–368.

King W 1881. The geology of the Pranhita–Godavari Valley. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India 18(3): 1–161.

Kumar P 1996. Permo–Triassic palynofossils and depositional environment in Satpura Basin, Madhya Pradesh. Geophytology 25: 47–54.

Lele KM 1975. Studies in the Talchir flora of India–10. Early and Late Talchir miofloras from the West Bokaro Coalfield, Bihar. Palaeobotanist 22(3): 219–235.

Raja Rao CS 1987. Coalfields of India. Bulletin of Geological Survey of India A–IV 45(I): 1–60.

Ram–Awatar 1987. Palynological dating of supra Barakar formations in Son Valley Graben. Palaeobotanist 36: 133–137.

Srikanta Murthy 2010. Palynostratigraphy of the Permian succession in Borehole RJS–2, Raniganj Coalfield, Damodar Basin, West Bengal. Journal of Indian Geological Congress 2(2): 83–90.

Srikanta Murthy, Chakraborthi B & Roy MD 2010. Palynodating of subsurface sediments, Raniganj Coalfield, Damodar Basin, West Bengal. Journal of Earth System Science 119: 701–710.

Srikanta Murthy, Tripathi A, Chakraborti B & Singh UP 2014. Palynostratigraphy of Permian Succession from Binja Block, South Karanpura Coalfield, Jharkhand, India. Journal of Earth System Science 123: 1895–1906.

Srikanta Murthy, Vijaya & Vethanayagam SM 2013. Palynostratigraphy of Permian Succession in the Pench Valley Coalfield, Satpura Basin, Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India 58: 241–250.

Srivastava PN 1954. On some Lower Gondwana megaspores and seeds from Mangardaha Coal West Bokaro, Bihar. Palaeobotanist 3: 113–115.

Srivastava SC 1992. Permian palynological assemblages in the Godavari Graben. Palaeobotanist 40: 237–243.

Srivastava SC, Anand–Prakash & Kar R 1997. Palynology of Permian–Triassic sequence in Iria Nala, Tatapani–Ramkola Coalfield, India. Palaeobotanist 46(1): 75–80.

Srivastava SC & Jha N 1988. Palynology of Kamthi Formation in Godavari Graben. Palaeobotanist 36: 123–132.

Srivastava SC & Jha N 1990. Permian–Triassic palynofloral transition in Godavari Graben, Andhra Pradesh. Palaeobotanist 38: 92–97.

Srivastava SC & Jha N 1992. Palynostratigraphy of Permian sediments in Manuguru area, Godavari Graben, Andhra Pradesh. Geophytology 22: 103–110.

Srivastava SC & Jha N 1995. Palynostratigraphy and correlation of Permian–Triassic sediments in Budharam Area, Godavari Graben, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India 46: 647–653.

Surange KR, Singh P & Srivastava PN 1953a. Megaspores from West Bokaro Coalfield (Lower Gondwanas) of Bihar. Palaeobotanist 2: 9–13.

Surange KR, Srivastava PN & Singh P 1953b. Microfossils analysis of some lower Gondwana coal seams of West Bokaro, Bihar. Bulletin of National Institute of Science, India 2: 111–127.

Taylor TN & Taylor EL 1993. The biology and evolution of fossil plants. New Jersey, Prentice–Hall Inc., 982 p.

Tiwari, RS & Ram–Awatar 1986. Late Permian palynofossils from the Pali Formation, South Rewa Basin, Madhya Pradesh. Bulletin of the Geological, Mining & Metallurgical Society of India 54: 250–255.

Tiwari RS & Ram–Awatar 1987. A palynological assemblage from Parsora Formation, Johilla Coalfield, South Rewa Gondwana Basin, Madhya Pradesh. Geophytology 17(1): 104–109.

Tiwari RS & Rana V 1980. A Middle Triassic mioflora from India. Biological Memoir 5(I): 30–55.

Tiwari RS & Tripathi A 1987. Palynological zones and their climate inference in the coal bearing Gondwana of Peninsular India. Palaeobotanist 36: 87–101.

Tiwari RS & Tripathi A 1992. Marker Assemblage–Zones of spores and pollen species through Gondwana Palaeozoic and Mesozoic sequence in India. Palaeobotanist 40: 194–236.

Tiwari RS, Tripathi A & Jana BN 1991. Palynological evidences for upper Permian Raniganj coals in western part of Talchir Coalfield, Orissa, India. Current Science 61(6): 407–410.

Tiwari RS & Vijaya 1995. Differential morphographic identity of Gondwana palynomorphs. Palaeobotanist 44: 62–115.

Tripathi A 1986. Upper Permian palynofossils from the Rajmahal Basin, Bihar. Bulletin of Geological, Mineral & Metallurgical Society of India 54: 265–271.

Tripathi A 1989. Palynological evidence for the presence of Upper Permian sediments in northern part of Rajmahal Basin. Journal of the Geological Society of India 34: 198–207.

Tripathi A & Bhattacharya D 2001. Palynological resolution of upper Permian sequence in Talchir Coalfield, Orissa, India. Proceedings of National Seminar on Recent Advances in Geology of Coal and Lignite basins of India, Kolkatta 1997. Geological Survey of India Special Publications 54: 59–68.

Varma AK, Hazra B, Samad SK, Panda S & Mendhe VA 2014. Methane sorption dynamics and hydrocarbon generation of shale samples from West Bokaro and Raniganj basins, India. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering 21: 1138–1147

Vijaya 2006. Permian to Jurassic palynoflora in subsurface strata, Pachami Area, West Bengal, India. Gondwana Geological Magazine 21 (1): 13–26.

Vijaya 2009. Palynofloral changes in the Upper Palaeozoic and Mesozoic of the Deocha–Pachamari area, Birbhum Coalfield, West Bengal, India. Science in China Series D: Earth Science 52(12): 1932–1952.

Vijaya 2011. Palynostratigraphy of subsurface Upper Permian and Mesozoic Succession, Rakshitpur area, Raniganj Coalfield, West Bengal. Palaeoworld 20: 61–74.

Vijaya, Srikanta Murthy, Chakraborty B & Jyoti SR 2012. Palynological dating of subsurface coal bearing horizon in East Bokaro Coalfield, Damodar Basin, Jharkhand. Palaeontographica–B 288: 41–63.

Vijaya, Tripathi A, Roy A & Saibal Mitra 2012. Palynostratigraphy and age correlation of subsurface strata within the sub–basins in Singrauli Gondwana Basin, India. Journal of Earth System Science 121(4): 1071–1092.




How to Cite

Murthy, S. (2017). Late Permian palynomorphs from the West Bokaro Coalfield, Damodar Basin, Jharkhand, India. Journal of Palaeosciences, 66((1-2), 201–209.



Research Articles